Hulbert Chien-Shuan Hsuan, Ph.D.

Title: Full Professor of the University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, Principal Research Physicist of Princeton University

Company: Princeton University PPPL Laboratory

Location: Princeton, New Jersey, United States

Hulbert Chien-Shuan Hsuan, Ph.D., a retired Principal Research Physicist has been recognized by Marquis Who’s Who Top Scientists for dedication, achievements, and leadership in the area of nuclear physics.

Upon receiving a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from National Taiwan University in 1960, Dr. Hsuan desired to continue his academic pursuits in the United States. From there, he chose to attain a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering from The University of Illinois in 1963 because all of the textbooks used in his native-Taiwan were issued from the University of Illinois. Following this formative beginning in a new homeland, which Dr. Hsuan embraced with his betrothal to Catherine W. Hsuan, also from their native-Taiwan, and who received a Master degree in the Library of Sciences from the University of Illinois, Dr. Hsuan then felt acclimated and went on to choosing a school after gaining an attained knowledge about the scientific environment in America; he applied to and was accepted by an Ivy League institution dedicated to the sciences. After 1963, he pursued his studies at Princeton University for four consecutive years, and in 1967, Dr. Hsuan received a Doctorate in Astrophysics. Then in his first professional role after years of dedicated scientific and creative exploration, Dr. Hsuan was promoted from being assistant professor to professor of electrical engineering at The University of Iowa between 1966 and 1974. Following the departure to the midWest, Dr. Hsuan was then invited to join Princeton University’s Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) in 1974, where Dr. Hsuan flourished professionally. For more than a decade, Dr. Hsuan lived in Princeton, NJ and traveled, working internationally with other nations dedicated to nuclear fusion research. In Europe, he visited Roskilde Denmark, the British fusion laboratory in Oxford, England, and in France, he was offered to stay and French citizenship, but instead, he elected to return and to bring his family back to the United States. Additionally, he made trips on behalf of the Department of Energy to Switzerland, Norway, Holland, and then the USSR, prior to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. An early trip to Tokai, Japan yielded a promised commitment that the nation would complete and finish the first working fusion reactor within a decade.

Though this never happened, the vision behind Dr. Hsuan’s substantive dedication stirred faith in others and with unwavering resolve, Dr. Hsuan remained a bedrock proponent of the field of science that was slowly but surely gaining support throughout the globe. In 1982, Dr. Hsuan was dispatched by the U.S. Department of Energy to visit 3 fusion laboratories in China for 6 weeks, where he was not only able to examine their works in progress, but Dr. Hsuan was also invited to give lectures, seminars, and also forums of discussions, where the very best minds of China were included to embrace a pathway into the future of energy. It was during and after this unprecedented trip that the People’s Republic of China cultivated the inception of its program to nurture fusion research scientists. Most notable of his achievements came with the recognition of Dr. Hsuan’s experimental work in the late 1970s; at that time, Dr. Hsuan conceived of a way to measure extreme temperatures much hotter than many times the center of the solar sun. By the mid-1980s, Dr. Hsuan was soon celebrated worldwide as the first person to discover a successful method to measure the 20 keV ion temperature inside a Tokamak fusion test reactor. Additionally, he also designed a heating methodology and systems for fusion reactors, which Dr. Hsuan called Electron Cyclotron Heating (ECH), which has gained global recognition in its effectiveness and, today is popularly studied by other public and private fusion research labs throughout the international community. Following this breakthrough work, Dr. Hsuan consecutively was then asked to work on armaments for 5-years, including the further development of a neutron detonation device that could be an effective weapon in containment strategies, international and national defense, as well as implemented to use as a last resort for troubled times. Being a lifelong pacifist, he had always refused opportunities to work on destructive research, and instead, Dr. Hsuan clung to a Time Magazine article which he had read prior to his arrival to the states. The article called for a future of smart alternative energies and that yearning to serve the planet that accompanied the youth’s mind in reading it, turned into a lifelong peaceful call-to-action. In 1995, Dr. Hsuan elected to take early retirement and to continue a life of peace and harmony, by choosing to move with his wife and younger son to California.

After retirement from the PPPL, Dr. Hsuan and his wife, Catherine relocated to San Francisco, where the former principal research physicist allocated substantial energy to returning to devotions to string theory and pure mathematics. During that time, Dr. Hsuan became the chief technology officer at The Chomba Swan Company in 1996. A fellow of the American Physical Society, the good doctor is also a member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Sigma Xi, and Eta Kappa Nu. Dr. Hsuan has contributed over 120 articles to The Physical Review, Physics of Fluids, The Review of Science Instruments, Nuclear Fusion, and other professional publications. Reflecting on an illustrious career, says Dr. Hsuan, “It is my sincerest wish that the warming and energy crises can be corrected by our using alternative energy from other sources. I have dedicated my life to research for a peaceful and harmonious approach to a universal science solution. With fusion energy, humanity harnesses our sun’s powers, and this must become a reality.”

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